What kindergarten kids should know

12 months ago Jill Nichols Comments Off on What kindergarten kids should know


  • Counts recognizes, represents, names, and orders objects (i.e. shows beginning number skills from 1 to 10)
  • Begins writing numbers
  • Understands the meaning and use of numbers and the relationship between numbers and quantity 
  • Understands simple addition and subtraction by using objects to determine answers
    Shapes, Colors, and Patterns
  • Identifies common geometric shapes (e.g. circle, square, triangle)
  • Classifies and sorts items according to size, shape, and color
  • Identifies items that do not belong to a group
  • Builds or completes sequences and patterns
    Time, Money, and Measurement 
  • Names the days of the week
  • Measures estimates and compares objects by size and number
  • Demonstrates an understanding of the concept of time (e.g. morning, afternoon, evening, day) and recognizes tools that measure time (e.g. clock and calendar)
  • Identifies common coins by name


  • Listens to and enjoys picture books, nursery rhymes, legends, and poems
  • Talks about setting, characters, and events within stories
  • Talks to others about stories and participates in shared reading activities
  • Makes predictions about story content based on illustrations
  • Understands how print is organized and read (i.e. from left to right and top to bottom)
    Letters and Words
  • Recognizes his or her own printed name
  • Knows the concept of a letter and a word 
  • Recognizes upper- and lower-case letters 
  • Identifies the beginning letter in single syllable words
  • Reads some common words
    Writing Readiness
  • Writes some familiar words and letters correctly
  • Begins to organize thoughts and information for putting stories together
  • Explains his or her own writing and drawing
  • Draws pictures and uses letters to create stories about experiences, people, or events
  • Begins to write left to right and top to bottom
  • Prints his or her own name
  • Contributes to group stories and dictates individual stories
    Phonics and Sounds
  • Demonstrates an awareness of phonics (i.e. the sounds that letters make independently and together)
  • Recognizes spoken rhyming words and substitutes words in rhyming patterns
  • Separates a word into its sounds (e.g. /c-a-t/)
    Speaking and Listening
  • Begins to ask questions about stories and to respond to the questions of others
  • Respectfully takes turns when speaking and listening
  • Participates in role-playing and creative play
  • Uses descriptive vocabulary